One of the leading causes of bone loss in the oral cavity is periodontal, or gum disease. Bone grafting is considered the best way to replace lost bone tissue and to encourage the growth of natural bone. Fulfilling a wide variety of functions, bone grafting is a predictable and versatile procedure.
What are the different kinds of bone graft?
There are several different kinds of dental bone grafts that your dentist may recommend:
- Autogenous bone grafts are when bone is removed from somewhere else in your body and implanted in the mouth.
- Allograft bone grafts are when synthetic, or man-made, bone is created in a lab and the used in the bone grafting procedure.
- Xenograft is a technique that involves the implantation of cow, or bovine, bone. A safe and widely practices procedure, this kind of grafting is often recommended because of the ample availability of grafts and the elimination of the need for a second donor site.
Why should I consider bone grafts?
There are many reasons why your dentist may recommend bone grafting as the best treatment option for restoring the jaw bone.
If you are considering dental implants, your dentist may recommend that you first have bone grafting so that your implants have a firm anchor, and are therefore more effective. If your jaw bone lacks sufficient strength, a graft can thicken the site and make it more effective.
Bone grafts are also very effective in achieving sinus lift. Grafts are used to elevate the sinus membrane, giving a more secure place for implants to be placed. They are also an effective treatment for ridge augmentation, which can help repair damage due to trauma, birth defects, injury, or severe periodontal disease. The bone graft fills in the ridge, giving the jawbone a more uniform shape.
What is involved in bone grafting?
The procedure for bone grafting is fairly simple, oftentimes performed under local anesthetic. If large amounts of bone need to be grafted, your dentist may recommend general anesthetic.
A small incision is made, and the graft material is placed into the affected area. The gums are then sutured back in place, and you’ll be on your way! A follow-up appointment is usually scheduled within 10 days.
Bone grafts are often recommended as a pre-treatment for other cosmetic or restorative dentistry, giving your jaw bone the strength needed to support other appliances.
Call us today to discuss your treatment options! We look forward to helping you achieve your best smile.